Etzion Bloc

(Gush Etzion)
   A group of Jewish settlements in the hills of Judea between Jerusalem and Hebron taken by Jordan during the War of Independence (1948—49). The bloc included Kfar Etzion (the oldest of the settlements, founded in 1943), Massuot Yitzhak, Ein Tzurim, and Rvadim. After numerous attacks by the Jordanian Arab Legion and other Arabs, the Etzion Bloc fell on 14 May 1948. The area was recaptured by Israel during the Six-Day War (1967). Subsequently, settlements were reestablished in the area; many are considered hotbeds of Gush Emunim and other opponents of territorial compromise in negotiations with the Palestinians. The Etzion Bloc is generally considered a "consensus community" that will ultimately be incorporated by Israel in the context of a permanent peace agreement.
   See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Etzion — ( he. עציון, lit. of the tree ), also spelled Ezion, can refer to several places and topics relating to modern and ancient Israel:*Ezion Geber, a biblical Idumaean and Israelite port on the Red Sea *Kfar Etzion, a kibbutz established in the early …   Wikipedia

  • Kfar Etzion massacre — The Kfar Etzion massacre was an act committed by Arab armed forces on May 13, 1948, the day before the Declaration of Independence of the state of Israel.BackgroundKfar Etzion was a religious [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Society… …   Wikipedia

  • Gush Etzion — ()Gush Etzion website [http://www.gush etzion.org.il/history.asp] ] . The location was purchased because it was roughly equidistant from Bethlehem and Hebron, and thus fell between the zones of influence of the local Arab clans. Two years later,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kfar Etzion — Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Gush Etzion Convoy — The convoy of ten, or Gush Etzion Convoy, was one of many convoys sent by the Haganah to the four blockaded kibbutzim of Gush Etzion ( The Etzion Bloc ), south of Jerusalem in the 1948 Israeli War of Independence. The initial convoys to the bloc… …   Wikipedia

  • Kfar Etzion — 31°38′56″N 35°6′55″E / 31.64889, 35.11528 Kfar Etzion (כפר עציון) est un kibboutz israélien situé en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacre De Kfar Etzion — Soldats juifs faits prisonniers après la bataille. Le Massacre de Kfar Etzion eut lieu le 13 mai 1948, durant la guerre de Palestine quand le Gush Etzion, un bloc de 4 colonies juives situé à mi chemin entre Jérusalem et Hébron fut pris par la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacre de Kfar Etzion — Soldats juifs faits prisonniers après la bataille. Le Massacre de Kfar Etzion eut lieu le 13 mai 1948, durant la guerre de Palestine quand le Goush Etzion (en), un bloc de 4 colonies juives situé à mi chemin entre Jérusalem et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kedar (Goush Etzion) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kedar. 31°45′14″N 35°18′40″E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gush Emunim — (Bloc of the Faithful)    A movement that promotes the establishment of Jewish settlements in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza as a means of promoting retention of these areas, especially the West Bank. It is an aggressive settlement movement that… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

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